Monday, 5 May 2008


Lagi, ngisi test di web Tickle mrgreen, kali ini tentang inkbolt, sejauh mana bisa berimajinasi, hihihi. Pas liat pilihan-pilihannya, sempet kaget juga... "emang dari gambar kaya gini, ada orang yang mengimajinasikan sampe segitunya???"

Dan yang lebih kaget lagi pas liat hasil testnya, hihihi. Kok bisa ya diterjemahin ke arah "love", bener lagi terjemahannya, huehehehe. Jadi lain kali, berhati-hati lah pada orang yang emang "ahli" psikologi :sweaty:

Your inkblot report
Unlocking your unconscious
Responses to Tickle's inkblot test
History behind the test
For More Reading
Your Inkblot Report

Rachmawati, your unconscious mind is driven most by


By having your unconscious mind driven most by Love, it appears that you're one who values your relationships. It's also likely that you expend more energy than most people do in seeking out and maintaining meaningful ties with others. Your ability to connect emotionally with other people is a gift you shouldn't take lightly as not everyone possesses it. Your heightened drive for love can make you a giving and caring individual, whether you're staying in close contact with your network of friends or taking time out for that special someone.

People who have love as their unconscious drive tend to be nurturing types who are good at taking care of those around them. If this is true for you, then you probably find that you enjoy feeling needed and are happy when you can do things for the people you care about. Just remember that among all of your efforts, it's important to take time for yourself as well.

As one with love as your unconscious drive, you may feel like a bit of a dreamer. If your head is sometimes filled with fantasies about great dates or even living happily ever after, it's not so surprising. And whether or not you're willing to admit it, you might also have a soft spot for the kind of romantic movies, books, and music that others find sappy. Remember that this softer side of your personality is an asset that can help you fully enjoy your life, even though during tough times it may not feel like it. By keeping a positive outlook and an active social schedule, you'll have a better chance of living the kind of love you dream about.

Your inkblot report
Unlocking your unconscious
Responses to Tickle's inkblot test
History behind the test
For More Reading
Unlocking your unconscious

Your responses to the inkblots reveal more than just what drives your unconscious mind. They also uncover some central details about your personality, perspective, and relationships with others. Your unconscious mind colors these characteristics but is different from them. Here's what your responses indicated:

Your concept of reality
Your concept of reality is highly similar to that of others but not an exact match. Your perceptions seem to fall in between those who create their own unique realities and those who possess more mainstream perspectives. Because you straddle that middle ground of being in agreement with others and having your own opinions of the world, you can be both a follower and a leader. You can be a follower in the sense that you probably don't have trouble going along with the group most times since others' ideas will usually seem rational to you. You can be a leader because your creative viewpoints may sometimes allow you to guide others in new directions.

The difficulty for people like you is that at times you may feel pulled between taking the popular viewpoint and accepting your own vision of what is right. Because your concept of reality is rarely off the deep end, you can generally feel confident that there's something valid in your perspectives. Even if others don't always share your views, try not to let the masses talk you out of them. There can sometimes be great value in forging your own path. Finding a healthy balance between others' ideas and your own can be key to both your relationships and success.

Take Action
Gaining confidence in the validity of your perceptions can be very valuable for types like you. When you find yourself doubting an opinion that is uniquely yours, try taking a step back to ask yourself where your uncertainty is coming from. Is it because you truly suspect that you're wrong, because others believe you are wrong, or because you're not clear on what your opinion really is? By honestly reflecting on your views, you can develop stronger convictions and feel less susceptible to others' sway.

Rather than trying to determine whether you can trust your perceptions on a case-by-case basis, over time you'll be able to develop gut instincts about the quality of your views. Here's an exercise to help you test not only what you think, but also how strongly you believe in your perceptions.

Think back to the last time you went to the grocery store. Then, take out a piece of paper and a pen and map out the layout of the grocery store as you remember it. Be as specific as possible, including details of where different food groups are located, how many aisles there are, the number of checkout lanes, and so forth. Mark those things that you are sure about with a star versus those you're just pretty sure about.

Then, on your next trip to the store, take your drawing with you and grade yourself on how accurately you depicted it. Were there certain things you got right but others you were way off on? If so, don't feel discouraged. Some people will get the number of aisles right but will misremember food locations. Others will know exactly where their favorite foods are but won't remember anything else about the store. Doing exercises like this one can help you sort out the quality of your perceptions as well as bolster your belief in yourself.

Your mental flexibility
This section looks as the flexibility of your opinions, values, and perspective. To determine your result, Tickle's experts examined both the fluidity of your thinking and the rigidity of your opinions.

Based on your responses, you're reasonably flexible in your thinking and opinions. As a result, when dealing with most topics, you can easily consider other people's views. However, if a conversation centers on one of your core values, you're typically more reluctant to entertain other ways of thinking. This is true for most people. After all, it's good to have strong opinions on issues of importance. These views help create a foundation for what you believe in. Naturally, your ideas can change and develop over time. But particularly in your case, it's unlikely that they'll be radically different from day to day.

Occasionally your certainty can result in missed opportunities. If you're too sure of your values, you might forego the chance to observe a different way of being. You might also fail to imagine a way of life that might actually make you happier. If you find that you are excessively defensive on certain topics, it's likely because of one of the following reasons. Either the area is something you've had extensive experience with, and therefore have personal history to base your views on. Or, your defensiveness could be covering up a deep wound or insecurity that you're afraid will be exposed if you open yourself up to a new way of thinking.

Take Action
When you find yourself behaving defensively about one of your opinions, instead of escalating the situation or shutting down, take a moment to step back and examine your beliefs. Have you formed your opinion based on sound knowledge and experience, or is it merely convenient for you to think that way? At times, you might be surprised to find that fear or even simple laziness is at the root of some of your views. When trying to uncover what is really bothering you about having your viewpoint questioned, ask yourself: "What would be so bad if my opinion were wrong?" In finding out what you have to lose by changing your opinion you can come to some deep understanding about your true values and motivations.

You Level of Fantasy
Some people fantasize nearly nonstop, others rarely do, and the majority of people fall somewhere in between. Imagination and the ability to create alternate realities are the two factors that determine whether or not a person is capable of having a highly colorful fantasy life. However, not everyone who can fantasize does. For example, if two strangers who were both capable of fantasizing were sitting next to one another on a bus, one might still spend the whole ride thinking about paying their bills and formulating their next to-do list, while the other could be envisioning taking a siesta on a tropical island. For Tickle's Inblot Test, having a high level of fantasy involves both having the mental tools necessary to fantasize and putting them to use.

Being prone to fantasy can be thought of as a spectacular gift. Fantasy can give one the ability to create a made-up world much more captivating and pleasurable than the usual day-to-day realities. This can be a wonderful asset as you go though life - a free form of entertainment that you can use any time.

Some people look at those who are fantasy prone in a derogatory way. They feel that the more realistically a person thinks, the saner they are. Indeed, most definitions of "abnormal" refer to what is "unusual" or "not frequent". Clinical experts sometimes look at fantasy as a means of trying to escape reality, rather that face what's there.

Regardless of how one feels about fantasy, its value is heavily dependent on how it's used. If you use fantasy to visualize improvements in your life without ignoring important realities, then fantasy can be a useful talent. It can help you maintain your optimism and even to devise novel solutions to your problems. However, if fantasy is something you retreat into as a way of denying reality, then you might want to reconsider your use of it.

Tickle's experts found that you are certainly capable of fantasizing and may even enjoy keeping yourself entertained that way. However, based on your responses, your first reaction to stress probably isn't to create an alternate universe or to imagine things differently than they actually are. In fact, you appear to have the nice balance of having the gift of fantasy at your disposal without having the tendency to overly rely on it. In other words, when it comes to fantasy, you typically use it, but don't abuse it.

Fantasy is a technique frequently employed by people living under harsh conditions in order to ease their stress. In this way, imagination can be a vital tool for prison inmates who live in depressing, restrictive conditions day in and day out. Using the power of fantasy can also be a profound relief for people living in poverty and in war zones. In fact, there are many people who live in adverse situations or deal with other painful circumstances that could benefit from occasional relief through fantasy.

Fantasy only becomes a problem when you ignore something you need to deal with because you have the ability to fantasize it away. For example, imagine you have a problem with an aunt of yours. Perhaps this aunt says something that upsets you almost every time you talk with her. As a result, after a while you stop listening to her in favor of pretending that you're someplace else entirely. The fantasy you create for yourself might be more exciting - and far less annoying, but it doesn't change this detrimental pattern between you and your aunt. A better response might be to put your fantasies aside for a while to address your aunt's poor communication style head-on.

At it's worst, fantasy can keep you from making important lifestyle choices. For instance, if you fantasize that you have boundless energy and are a wonderful athlete, and in the meantime sit on your couch eating potato chips and playing video games, there will eventually come a time where you won't be able to deny what is really happening to your body and you will have to tend to the reality of your deteriorating health. However, there's no reason that you have to let fantasy affect you in these negative ways. So long as you pay attention to the aspects of your life that need addressing, like your health or your career, you should be able to use fantasy and creative visualizations to bolster your happiness and success, not impede them.

How you relate to others
Your relationships are complex things. One important aspect affecting all of them is the role that you play when interacting with others. Do you typically take an active approach when dealing with the people around you, or do you tend to behave more passively? According to your test responses, you appear to have a balanced approach to interacting. You're not consistently the one who is active or passive. This mixed pattern indicates that, relative to other people, you try to either be sensitive to the needs of a particular situation or the people with whom you're dealing. By being able to adjust your approach depending on how the others are behaving, you can handle most situations with ease. Your friends may see you as a great listener or a savvy communicator because of your gift for reading people.

The overall effect of this balanced approach is that you have more options available to you when it comes to your communication style. The possible downside to this fact is that certain individuals with a balanced approach can get confused about which approach feels most natural to them — not just to the situation. While flexibility is a good thing, if you behave solely according to what's going on around you, it can wear on your sense of self.

Another difficulty you may find yourself running up against is that your balanced style may seem like inconsistency to other people. For example, if one day you take the lead in a group and the next day you choose to follow, this transition can be unsettling to those around you. Also when you're dealing with someone who is also balanced in their approach, your relationship can become an elaborate dance where each of you is trying to figure out who's taking charge. If you find yourself in a situation like this one, consider making your style more consistent — whether active or passive — in order to avoid potential confusion.

Your inkblot report
Unlocking your unconscious
Responses to Tickle's inkblot test
History behind the test
For More Reading
Responses to Tickle's inkblot test

Tickle's research team thought that you might find it interesting to compare your answers to those that we got from other people. For this reason, we've included the inkblots from the test along with the percentages of people that responded for each option.

Inkblot #1

Your answer

1.Which of these choices most closely captures the emotional impact of the inkblot?

18%Happiness, joy, hope, positivity, or excitement

22%Calmness or serenity

4%Fear, disgust, terror, or feeling threatened

50%Curiosity, interest, or provoking thought

5%Turmoil, confusion, despair, gloom, or feeling trapped

2.What was the strongest image you saw in this inkblot?

24%Airplane, space ship, or space craft


16%Bug or insect


6%Diamond, jewel, or glass





6%Some type of animal not listed above

4%More than one animal

5%I saw nothing

11%None of the above

3.Did you see anything sexual in this inkblot?




4.Does this inkblot seem like it's:

16%Ancient or from the past


45%Futuristic, or occurring in the future

13%I don't know

5%None of the above

5.Did you see anything involving aliens or outer-space vehicles in this inkblot?




Inkblot #2

6.Of these emotions, which did this inkblot most strongly convey?











7.Which of the following choices most closely resembles what you saw in this inkblot?

4%A bat

12%A monster or alien

4%A superhero

38%An evil or dark creature

4%A male or female figure

15%A part-human, part-animal

2%A mixture of two different non-human animal species

7%A bug (bee, fly, moth, etc.)

6%A wizard or witch

1%An elephant

2%An angel

3%A gargoyle

2%None of the above

8.Did you see (if you saw more than one of these images, pick the image you saw first):


1%A frog

3%A flower

1%A penis

3%A volcano

27%An animal

51%None of the above

9.Of these feelings, which did the inkblot most strongly convey?












10.Check which of these things, if any, stood out the most in this inkblot:

24%A cape, robe, or coat




4%A costume

2%A sunset

3%None of the above

Inkblot #3

11.Is this inkblot more masculine or feminine?




12.Which of the following things did you see in this inkblot?

24%A fairy, angel, or elf

26%A mosquito, wasp, fly, dragonfly, bee, or hornet

5%A cricket, bug, grasshopper, or ant

1%A bird

1%A flower

27%Two flying creatures

7%A combination of flying and non-flying creatures

3%A pelvis bone

1%A nipple

1%A cloud

4%None of the above

13.Which emotion does this inkblot most strongly convey?










10%Both happiness and sadness



24%None of the above

14.Did you see any of these things in this inkblot?

3%A bat

1%A man

14%A woman

2%A child

1%A ship

1%A salamander

1%A moose

1%A lion

2%A scorpion or spider

1%A rat or mouse

6%A skeleton or skull

65%None of the above

15.Were you sexually aroused by this inkblot?

1%Very much



86%Not one bit

16.Try to find two flying insects in this inkblot. What are they doing?


2%Having sex

36%Facing each other

5%Fighting violently

2%Holding each other








3%Thinking about what to do next


2%I don't see two flying insects in the inkblot

17.We asked Tickle members to write several open-ended responses to this inkblot. Below we have listed two real responses and one that is made-up. Which of these is the made-up response?

38%Two boa constrictors about to strike

10%Two skeleton mice dancing

52%A smiling cow

Inkblot #4

18.Can you see the image of a chicken in this inkblot?

5%Yes, many

20%Yes, one

75%No, none

19.Look for a frog in this inkblot. Is the frog:

29%Hit by a car or otherwise squashed


9%Jumping or moving about

20%Reaching out its arms

11%Lying still

5%Dead (though not squashed or dissected)

Inkblot #5

20.Was it unpleasant to look at this inkblot?

8%Definitely unpleasant

36%Somewhat unpleasant



21.What best summarizes what you saw in this inkblot?

25%An explosion

3%A cloud

15%A plane/helicopter/jet


4%A person sitting in something

3%A totem pole

3%A race car

5%A butterfly/dragonfly

4%A bird

1%A swimmer

3%A face

5%A bike, motorcycle, or handlebars

6%An animal or animals

5%A person or people

16%What I saw is totally different from this

22.If this inkblot were a temperature, would it be hot or cold?



18%It conveys nothing about temperature

23.Which of the following things, if any, stood out to you the most?



9%A cloud or clouds

3%A setting sun





7%A storm

20%None of the above

24.What might this inkblot symbolize?






5%A headache


17%A warning

25.Which of the following things is the easiest for you to see in the inkblot?

4%A police chase at night

12%A spine

12%A canyon

10%An alien

11%A sorcerer

4%A circus act

12%A murder

6%A fight

30%An accident

26.We asked Tickle members to write several open-ended responses to this inkblot. Below we have listed five real responses and one that is made-up. Which of these is the made-up response?

8%A lighthouse on a not-so-distant shore during a dark, cloudy, and stormy night

17%An old person in grief over a murdered loved one

30%Two people having amazing sex

23%Two kids kissing in the dark

16%A god with his eyes closed viewing a totem pole with peace

6%A sorcerer or sorceress performing a spell

Inkblot #6

27.Does this inkblot make you feel nostalgic?



28%Hardly at all

43%Definitely not

28.Which of the following most closely matches what you saw in this inkblot?

14%Rings from a drinking glass


30%Eyes or glasses

1%A teacher

7%Fish and bubbles

6%Something circus-related


3%A face

5%Animals or birds


7%Groucho Marx, Mario, or Charlie Chaplin

2%A person or people

5%None of the above

29.Which of the following songs does this inkblot most remind you of?

26%I Will Survive

44%Hopelessly Devoted to You

15%Let's Talk About Sex

15%I don't know any of those songs

30.Look for eyes in this inkblot. What are they doing?

9%Staring straight at me

72%Looking up




1%I can't see eyes in the inkblot

Inkblot #7

31.What was your initial emotional reaction to this inkblot?




10%Amusement or laughter




20%Mixed emotions

2%Sexual arousal


32.Of the following, what was the thing you saw most clearly in this inkblot?

12%A dragon or monster

22%A mask

3%A person

5%A clown

2%A mountain

14%A bug, ant, insect, beetle, or cockroach

3%A spider

1%A crab

1%A two-headed man

5%A part or parts of a face (e.g., teeth)

8%A whole face

7%A frog

5%A skull

10%Some other animal

2%None of the above

33.What do you think is happening in this inkblot?


6%Climbing or jumping



9%Lying, sitting, or squatting


11%Getting ready to do something

3%Feeding or eating




4%None of these

34.Of the following, which word or words best describe what you saw in this inkblot?

17%Deformed or mutated

5%Torn apart







35.Which of the following can you most easily see in this inkblot?

12%A robot

7%Mr. Potatohead

36%A pelvic bone

27%The female reproductive system

13%Shadows of people

6%A war

Inkblot #8

36.What is the emotion most strongly conveyed by this inkblot?

2%Pleasure or happiness

23%Serenity or calmness









13%None of the above

37.What was the first thing you saw in this inkblot?

29%A butterfly or moth



11%Sea horse(s)



5%An old man or men

3%Ribs or lungs

11%Two animals or non-human creatures

5%Two people

1%One person

3%An animal head or skull

2%None of the above

38.Did you see any of the following things in this inkblot?





31%A veil or cloth


6%A mirror

39%None of the above

39.Were there parts of this inkblot you had to ignore in order to make sense of it?

2%Yes, lots

11%Several parts

38%One or two small parts

49%I used all the parts to form my primary impression

40.We asked Tickle members to write several open-ended responses to this inkblot. Below we have listed one real response and two that are made-up. Which of these is the real response?

30% Two devils with condoms on their heads

47%A footprint of an evil beast

23%Two slugs and their shadows

41.Imagine that the inkblot is really a picture of a butterfly. Of the following options, which best summarizes the butterfly's nature?




42.Which most closely describes the butterfly?




Inkblot #9

43.Which of these things did you notice most when you first looked at the inkblot?

8%A mask






18%None of the above

44.Some Tickle members reported seeing parts of the human body or clothes in this inkblot. Which of these Tickle member responses is easiest for you to see in this inkblot?

7%A fur-lined bra

13%A man's testicles

3%A hipbone

7%A pelvis

4%A rear end

18%A woman's ovaries

10%A vagina

5%A penis


18%I can't see any of these things in the inkblot

Inkblot #10

45.If you had to choose, does this inkblot make you feel more sad or calm?



46.What best describes what you saw in this inkblot?

36%Two women

3%Two men

3%Two children or a mix of women, men, and children

7%A male body

30%A female body

1%A child's body

6%A goat

1%A dog

2%A rabbit

1%A butterfly

1%An insect

4%An animal face

1%Some other animal's body

4%None of the above

47.Of the following things, which is easiest for you to see in this inkblot?




4%A handlebar mustache


4%A river

1%A forest

3%A parking meter

3%A bird bath

8%A grinning demon

55%None of the above

48.Imagine that there are two people pictured in this inkblot; one on the left-hand side and one on the right-hand side. What are they doing?




35%Hugging or holding hands






9%None of the above

49.We asked Tickle members to write open-ended responses to this inkblot. Below we have listed three real responses and one that is made-up. Which of these is the made-up response?

36%Two cows holding hands

19%A gazelle that just took a drink of water

28%A grumpy bunny

17%A soldier looking in the mirror

Inkblot #11

50.How did this inkblot make you feel?






9%I don't know

51.When you first looked at this inkblot, did you see any of the following things? If you saw more than one, pick the one that stood out most to you.

5%A face


5%A bug or fly, etc.

5%One animal



1%A landscape

10%More than two creatures (excluding humans)

1%A flower

2%The head of a penis

2%I didn't see anything in this inkblot

23%None of the above

52.Is there anything sexually arousing about this inkblot?

7%Yes, obviously



53.Did you see a cowboy, or someone wearing a uniform or costume?




54.Does this inkblot remind you of anyone you know?

5%Yes, several people

10%Yes, one person

5%Yes, myself


55.Can you identify naked people or a woman's breasts in this inkblot?

23%Yes, easily

32%Yes, but it took a second look to see it

45%No, I can't see this

56.Some people have reported seeing one or more people in this inkblot. If you are able to see any people (try looking at the inkblot again if you didn't see any people initially), what are they doing?

7%Having sex

12%Being violent

3%Nothing, they are dead

3%Nothing, they are immobilized by fear

11%Nothing, they are still


20%Outstretching their arms for a hug

16%Being physically active, but not in a violent or sexual manner

24%None of the above

Your inkblot report
Unlocking your unconscious
Responses to Tickle's inkblot test
History behind the test
For More Reading
History behind the test

Hermann Rorschach is the most well known clinician to have worked with inkblots in a clinical setting, but he was not the first. Psychologists have been using inkblots to make inferences about personality since the 1850s.

During Rorschach's work in the early 1900s, he noticed that certain types of patients responded to inkblots in similar ways. Through years of empirical testing, Rorschach was able to determine patterns between how people responded to the inkblots and certain personality traits. For more than a decade, Rorschach continued to develop his theories and the Rorschach Inkblot Test until his death in 1922.

In the years following Rorschach's death, there were several different scoring methods presented by different researchers. However, having all these different methodologies made scoring and interpretation of the test confusing. Then in the late 1960s and early 1970s, John Exner took on the formidable challenge of putting together the different systems of thought to come up with a standardized scoring methodology. Exner's work, along with the contributions of other researchers such as Weiner (see reference list below), has created a foundation for how the Rorschach is used today. A study published in 1995 confirmed that about 82% of mental health clinicians regularly use the Rorschach in their practices, indicating that use of inkblots is still alive and well.

To use the Rorschach test properly, it needs to be administered in a clinical setting where the clinician allows the subject to say whatever is on their mind. Given this is not possible to do in a widely administered online assessment, Tickle took on the challenge of using the concepts and findings of Rorschach research to create its own online Inkblot test. Tickle's Inkblot Test is designed as an online psychological instrument with strong psychometric properties of its own. One major difference between Tickle's Inkblot Test and the Rorschach Test is that Tickle developed its test to reflect the tendencies of the normal population. The Rorschach was designed to detect psychopathology, such as schizophrenia. To make the wisdom gained through Rorschach available to the public, Tickle translated it so that it is relevant to all people and simultaneously more accessible because of the ease in administration.

Tickle's test provides a modern interpretation of inkblot testing based both on years of careful clinical work, as well as on the responses of thousands of Tickle members who gave us their impressions of a series of inkblots.

The methodology behind Tickle's Inkblot Test consisted of three steps:
  1. Tickle created online inkblots and gathered open-ended feedback from thousands of users about what the inkblots meant to them.
  2. Tickle's research team used the collected responses to develop a survey consisting of multiple-choice questions about the inkblots. The survey questions were designed based on themes that appeared in people's open-ended inkblot responses. The types of questions included those assessing patterns identified through classical theory, and by asking questions about the inkblots and correlating those questions to other information Tickle's test gathered about users' behaviors and psychological characteristics.
  3. Tickle analyzed the survey responses to select the most reliable inkblots and questions, as well as analyzing the data to determine clusters of responses that became the different types of people the test segments.
The clusters were used to give primary results at the end of the test. In order to elaborate on what each cluster meant, Tickle's researchers looked at associations with other questions in Tickle's database. In addition, they examined the dimensions measured in traditional Rorschach methods. They then concluded which of those classic dimensions could be confirmed through empirical associations. The resulting dimensions were used to create multi-faceted descriptions of what the inkblot responses indicated.

If you're interested in learning more about the Rorschach method and inkblot testing, Tickle suggests the following resources.

For More Reading

Beck, S. J. (1937). Introduction to the Rorschach Method. New York: American Orthopsychiatric Association.

Exner, J. E. (1993). The Rorschach: A comprehensive system, Volume 1: Basic foundations, 3rd Edition. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Exner, J. E. (1991). The Rorschach: A comprehensive system, Volume 2: Current Research and advanced interpretation, Second edition. New York: John Wiley.

Exner, J. E. (Ed.) (1995). Issues and methods in Rorschach research. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Hertz, M. R. (1934). The Reliability of the Rorschach inkblot test. Journal of Applied Psychology, 18, 461-77.

Hertz, M. R. (1936). The method of administration of the Rorschach Inkblot Test, Child Development, 7, 237-54.

Klopfer, B. (1937). The present status of the theoretical development of the Rorschach Method. Rorschach Research Exchange, 1, 142-47.

Piotrowski, Z. A. (1957). Perceptanalysis. New York: Macmillan.

Rapaport, D., Gill, M. & Schafer, R. (1946). Diagnostic psychological testing, Version 2. Chicago, IL: Year Book Publishers.

Rorschach, H. (1921). Psychodiagnostics. Bern, Switzerland: Bircher.

Rose, T., Kaser-Boyd, N., & Maloney, M. P. (2001). Essentials of Rorschach Assessment, John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Watkins, C. E., Jr., Campbell, V. L., Nieberding, R., & Hallmark, R. (1995). Contemporary practice of psychological assessment by clinical psychologists. Professional Psychology, 26, 54-60.

Weiner, I. B. (1997). Current status of the Rorschach Inkblot Method, Journal of Personality Assessment, 68(1), 5-19.

Weiner, I. B. (1998). Principles of Rorschach interpretation. Mahwah, N.J.: Erlbaum Associates.

Weiner, I. B., & Exner, J. E. (1991). Rorschach changes in long-term and short-term psychotherapy. Journal of Personality Assessment, 56, 453-465.


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